BOUGAINVILLE has the highest incidence of gender-based violence (GBV), United Nations Women programme specialist Beatrice Tabeu says.
She said during a workshop for journalists last week in Port Moresby that not only women experienced GBV but men and boys as well.
According to a family, health and safety study summary report done in 2012 and 2013 on Bougainville, almost three quarters of men experienced emotional, physical and sexual abuse compared to women when they were children.
On the other hand, 80 per cent of men aged 18 to 49 have been reported to have perpetrated physical and sexual violence against a partner.
The report also revealed that almost three quarters of the men who have raped revealed that it was for sexual entertainment.
Tabeu said the recommendations the report outlined were:
- Change social norms that promote gender inequality and tolerance of violence against women;
- capacitate the health sector to respond to mental health problems; and,
- Promote interventions to build a more respectful and gender-equitable male population.
She said programmes such as enforcing the Family Protection Bill of 2013 and training of police, judges, lawyers, village court magistrates and other officials on GBV would strengthen the criminal justice system to increase its accessibility to victims, prosecution and conviction rates.
United Nations PNG resident coordinator Roy Trivedy said in a conference last month that they were working with the National Capital District Commission and provincial family sexual violence units to improve a referral pathway for victims of GBV.
He said the goal was to decrease the incidence of GBV and achieve zero tolerance.