Agricult ure Research plays a crucial role and serves as a catalytic factor in agriculture development through technical innovations.
In PNG, agriculture research is currently aimed at increasing productivity and production of staple food crops, cash crops, livestock, and efficient use and management of resources.
It is a long-term investment with socio-economic benefits accruing to smallholder families.
Research plays a critical role in generating new information and technology most needed by various stakeholders in the agriculture sector including; farmers, extension personnel, decision makers, planners and scientists.
Research also recognises that farmers are not only the primary clients but also as an important resource of traditional knowledge.
There are six research objectives directly related to agriculture research programmes that are conducted at various institutions, focusing on enhancing and sustaining high crop yields and livestock productivity through improved husbandry practices, using improved crop varieties and livestock breeds and sound management of soil and water resources.
Impact assessments are necessary to verify the degree of success of adoption by farmers of the technologies released.
- To develop effective delivery systems of research outcomes and information to farming communities and conduct impact assessment studies.
- To improve and sustain productivity and production of agricultural crops.
- To improve the genetic potential of crops in PNG.
- To conserve, manage, utilize and sustain natural resources, including genetic Diversity.
- To improve livestock productivity and production at the farm level.
- To increase and sustain crop production through sustainable plant protection Institutional Strengthening
The Government recognises that the people will continue to drive the economy through meaningful participation in agriculture development activities.
Rural farmers need to be equipped with various technical and practical skills to successfully invest and manage the new agriculture enterprises for income generation.
It is therefore important that Papua New Guinean scientists and technicians are trained to undertake appropriate research to develop new agricultural technologies for adoption by smallholder farmers in the districts.
The agriculture research scientists and technicians will continue to collaborate with provincial and district agriculture officers to disseminate appropriate technologies to the farmers for improving the productivity and sustainable use of resources.
Competent professional staffs are also required to provide administrative and financial services in the research institutions and other national agencies.
The research organisations need to develop and maintain management systems and standards to foster good working environment.
All research institutes and other government agencies have essential infrastructure and facilities.
These facilities should be maintained and where necessary upgraded or replaced to ensure that they remain in good condition to carry out the research programmes.
Adequate funding must be continued over the medium term to research institutions and government agencies to support their institutional strengthening programmes.
To promote innovative agriculture development through improved agriculture technologies, information and knowledge by undertaking applied and adaptive agricultural research and transfer the developed technologies to the agriculture stakeholders.