The National – Thursday, June 16, 2011
By SURIN PITSUWAN
THE Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) stands at a defining moment.
Its member states are constantly being evaluated for their economic potential and desirability as a market for investments, goods, and services.
At the same time, their effort to forge a community free from external intervention is shaping a new regional order based on common security and shared prosperity.
In geopolitical terms, Asean is well-placed to be an acceptable and equal partner to many larger, more powerful economies, such as China, India, Japan, Australia, and South Korea – a part of the world that, for the first time, is leading a global recovery.
Asean has also contributed to building one of the most dynamic economic-integration platforms in the world, and now acts as a de facto regional hub of wider economic cooperation and integration.
Indeed, the importance of regional economic integration for global stability and security cannot be understated.
The combined annual GDP of China, Japan, India and Asean is US$14.45 trillion, roughly equal to that of the United States, at US$14.62 trillion.
More importantly, East Asia’s economies are expected to grow at an average annual rate of 5.1%, compared to 3.2% in the US.
That said, the wide disparities and development gaps between Asean members call for a multi-track and multi-speed approach to deepening economic integration.
In anticipation of worsening food and energy security concerns in the future, Asean has set priorities for programmes that increase productivity and production, strengthen policy coordination on agricultural trade, and boost efforts to alleviate poverty.
East Asia needs to maintain a fine balance of political-security requirements in much the same way. Continual restructuring and consolidation will be needed to create a balanced regional geopolitical architecture, which must broaden beyond Asean members to meet the needs of Japan, the US, Australia, India, China, and Russia – all of which have vital interests in the region.
Asean pursues an inclusive growth strategy.
With the participation of the US and Russia in the expanded East Asia Summit, the regional architecture is, indeed, becoming more dynamic. Given this, it is imperative that Asean becomes pro-active and remains focused on relevant strategic issues.
In engaging the major powers, Asean will not shun traditional security issues, such as maritime cooperation, as well as humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
Japan has been the biggest provider of development assistance and technological know-how to Asean for the past four decades. Indeed, Japan’s investment and aid to Southeast Asia have fuelled Asean’s economic progress.
I believe that Japan’s strategic role in the region will only increase, because its economy and industrial production chains have been regionally integrated.
Both sides have pledged to forge closer cooperation and initiate new programmes to consolidate their relationship.
Nevertheless, unresolved and overlapping maritime and territorial claims remain Asean’s biggest challenge.
We believe that maritime cooperation between Asean and major powers including China would benefit all countries. Asean will continue to address this issue strategically.
And, as to Myanmar, Asean has deferred the decision on its prospective chairmanship in 2014. – Project Syndicate